In Camera Reviews’ Process and Downside: Part II

February 1, 2023

Last week’s Privilege Point described courts’ various standards for their in camera review of withheld documents. The vast majority recognizes the trial court’s discretion, but some courts always conduct an in camera review before ordering production of withheld documents.

A few days after the decisions summarized in last week’s Privilege Point, the court in Adams v. Hanover Foods Corp. described its in camera review’s conclusion, which highlights why many courts conduct such reviews: “Our review of the emails — where the defendants assert a privilege demonstrates that they consist mainly of business communications and not requests for legal advice or legal assistance to the defendant.” Civ. A. No. 1:21-cv-00909, 2022 U.S Dist. LEXIS 210101, at *5 (M.D. Pa. Nov. 18, 2022). Such conclusions should remind lawyers to train their clients and discipline themselves to make sure that any legitimately privileged communications reflect clients’ requests for legal advice and lawyers’ responsive legal advice.

Presumably because it would tie up judicial resources in nearly every court, the same judge overseeing the litigation ordinarily conducts the in camera review. In a perfect world, another judge would do that. So litigants should remember that even if they win a privilege dispute, the judge hearing their case will have read the documents — so litigants and their lawyers should always be careful what they write.